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Ethiopia: Axum, Queen Of Sheba, King Kaleb And His Son Gebremeskel - ENN

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Ethiopia: Axum, Queen of Sheba, King Kaleb and his Son Gebremeskel - ENN

Axum or Aksum is a city in the northern part of Ethiopia.

The original capital of the Kingdom of Aksum, it is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in Africa. Axum was a naval and trading power that ruled the region from about 400 BCE into the 10th century. In 1980 UNESCO added Aksum's archaeological sites to its list of World Heritage Sites due to their historic value.

Located in the Mehakelegnaw Zone of the Tigray Region near the base of the Adwa mountains, Axum has an elevation of 2,131 meters (6,991 ft). Axum is surrounded by La'ilay Maychew wäräda.

The Kingdom of Axum had its own written language, Ge'ez, and developed a distinctive architecture exemplified by giant obelisks, the oldest of which (though much smaller) date from 5000–2000 BCE. The kingdom was at its height under King Ezana, baptized as Abreha, in the 4th century (which was also when it officially embraced Christianity).

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