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  • Some Unsaid Things Regarding Good Governance

    [ Habesha2day] The discussion among Ethiopian Government officials on the issue of good governance on aigaforum with mixed feelings. On one hand, here is a political party with an astounding success story beginning with armed struggle and is leading an economic transformation of a country like Ethiopia. Often, revolutions and successful armed resistances had resulted in failed states in many countries. EPRDF faced the challenges of a sleeping/dying country head-on and surprised the most skeptic observers with its innovative ideas and effective policy measures while it continues to be unjustifiably vilified by a few but vocal and hateful opposition. 

    On the other hand, EPRDF seems unprepared with regard to the inherent corruption and lack of good governance in the system. The papers presented at the conference looked to me compilations of what the public already knew. I have not heard much about solutions other than the raw data and descriptions of the corrupt practices. While some of the participants have touched upon some important points and the passion of the Prime Minister is encouraging, nothing was said that shows new direction and bold initiatives. Hopefully they are on the way. 

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  • Africa’s Path from Poverty

     All low-income countries have the potential for dynamic economic growth.

    We know this because we have seen it happen repeatedly: a poor, agrarian economy transforms itself into a middle- or even high-income urban economy in one or two generations. The key is to capture the window of opportunity for industrialization arising from the relocation of light manufacturing from higher-income countries. That was true in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and it remains true today.

    Japan seized its opportunity in the years following World War II, using labor-intensive industries, such as textiles and simple electronics, to drive its economy until rising labor costs eroded its comparative advantage in those sectors. That shift then allowed other low-income Asian economies – South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, and to some extent Malaysia and Thailand – to follow in Japan's footsteps.

    China, of course, is the region's most recent traveler along this well-trodden path. After more than three decades of breakneck economic growth, it has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries on earth to the world's largest economy. And now that China, too, is beginning to lose its comparative advantage in labor-intensive industries, other developing countries – especially in Africa – are set to take its place.

    Indeed, ever since the Industrial Revolution, the rise of light manufacturing has driven a dramatic rise in national income. The United Kingdom's economic transformation started with textiles. In Belgium, France, Sweden, Denmark, Italy, and Switzerland, light manufacturing led the way. Similarly, in the United States, cities like Boston, Baltimore, and Philadelphia became centers for producing textiles, garments, and shoes.

    Until recently, few believed that Africa, too, could become a center for modern manufacturing. But, with the right policies, there is no reason why African countries could not follow a similar trajectory.

    Consider land-locked Ethiopia, which only ten years ago seemed to be an especially bad bet. But then the country built an industrial park near Addis Ababa and invited the Chinese shoemaker Huajian to open a factory there. Huajian opened its doors in January 2012 with two production lines and some 600 workers. By the end of the year, it had employed 2,000 Ethiopians and doubled the country's exports of leather shoes. Today, the company has 3,500 workers in Ethiopia producing more than two million shoes a year.

    In 2013, spurred by Huajian's success, the Ethiopian government created a new industrial park, with space for 22 factory units. Within three months, all of them had been leased by export-oriented companies from Turkey, Korea, Taiwan, China, and elsewhere. The World Bank has provided $250 million to support the continued construction of these industrial parks.

    The Ethiopian success story is just the start. As investors learn more about Africa, they will increasingly see what it has to offer. Indeed, the cost of labor in Africa is competitive enough that Ethiopia could attract companies from countries as poor as Bangladesh. Africa has a surplus of agricultural labor and too few other jobs. As foreign firms launch operations in the labor-intensive sectors in which Africa has a comparative advantage, they will train the local workforce.

    Some workers will become managers. They will become familiar with the technology and learn how to maintain consistent quality in the production line. They will establish contacts with international buyers and investors. And, eventually, some of them will be able to raise capital and start firms of their own – export companies owned and operated by Africans.

    Mauritius shows the path ahead. In the 1970s, the government set up industrial parks to process textiles and garments for export. At the time, most of the owners were from Taiwan or Hong Kong; today, more than 70% of the island's industrial companies are locally owned.

    A carefully focused export strategy is crucial. The international development community and many African governments want to work toward regional integration, linking the markets of 55 African countries. Africa today accounts for just 1.9% of global GDP, compared to 21% for the United States and 23% for Europe.

    With the right growth strategy, far-reaching change can come within a person's lifetime – sometimes more than once. My native Taiwan is now a high-income economy. But when I was born there, in 1952, the island was poorer than almost every country in Africa.

    Then it happened to me again. I moved to mainland China in 1979, when the country's per capita income was less than one-third of Sub-Saharan Africa's. Today, China has become an upper-middle-income country, and it is on track to become a high-income country by 2020.

    My hope is that I can witness a third economic transformation in my lifetime, this time in Ethiopia and other countries in Africa. If they stay on the tried and tested path of those who have gone before, there is every chance that I will.

    Source: project-syndicate.org

     

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  • ኩላሊትን የሚጎዱ ነግሮችና እና የኩላሊት በሽታ ምልክቶች!!!

      ኩላሊትን የሚጎዱ ነግሮችና እና የኩላሊት በሽታ ምልክቶች!!!

    ኩላሊት(ቶች) የምንለው ሁለት ልክ እንደ ባቄላ አይነት ቅርጽ ያላቸው በሁለቱ የሰውነታችን ጎኖች የሚገኙ ከደም ውስጥ ቆሻሻን ለማስወገድ, የሰውነታችንን የፈሳሽ መጠን ለማስተካከል እንዲሁም ሌሎች የሰውነት ስራዎችን የሚያግዝ(ዙ) የሰውነታችን ክፍል ነው::

    ከላይ እንደተጻፈው አንድ ሰው ጤነኛ ሆኖ ለመቆየት እና ለመኖር የኩላሊቱን ጤንነት መጠበቅ ይኖርበታል::

    ከታች የተዘረዘሩት በቀላሉ የኩላሊት በሽታን ሊያስከትሉና ልንጠነቀቃቸው የሚገቡ ባህሪያት ናቸው::

    1. ሽንትን መቋጠር
    2. በቂ ውሃ አለመጠጣት
    3. ጨው የበዛበት ምግብ መመገብ
    4. ኢንፌክሽኖችን በተገቢው ሁኔታና በቶሎ አለመታከም
    5. የስጋ አመጋገብን ማብዛት
    6. በቂ ምግብ አለመመገብ
    7. ለሕመም ማስታገሻ ተብለው የተሰሩ መድኃኒቶች አብዝቶ መጠቀም
    8. ለብዙ ግዜ የቆየ የኢንሱልን ተጠቃሚነት
    9. የአልኮል መጠጥ
    10. በቂ እረፍት አለማግኘት

    የኩላሊታችንን ጤንነትን መጠበቅ አቅቶን ለኩላሊት በሽታ ከተጋለጥን በፍጥነት በአቅራቢያ ወደሚገኝ የህክምና ማዕከል በመሄድ አስፈላጊውን ሕክምና ማግኘት ይኖርብናል::

    የኩላሊት በሽታ ምልክቶች : -
    • የእጅና የእግር እብጠት
    • መዳከምና አቅም ማጣት
    • ለመትንፈስ መቸገር
    • የተደጋገመ ትውከት
    • የምግብ ፍላጎት መቀነስ
    • ለነገሮች ትኩረት (concentration) አለመስጠት
    • አፍችን ውስጥ የብረት ጣዕም(ስሜት) መሰማት

    ኩላሊታችን ሙሉ ለሙሉ መስራት ካቆመ ያለው መፍትሄ የኩላሊት እጥበት ሲሆን ከዚህ ካለፈ የኩላሊት ንቅለ ተከላ ሊያስፈልገን ይችላል::

     

     

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  • No hunger in Ethiopia due to El Nino-induced drought: Demeke

    Habesha2day:Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen has discarded news reports by some media that there is hunger in Ethiopia due to El Nino-induced drought.

    When asked about reports that the drought has claimed the life of an individual, he said, “It was fabrication.”

    “No one has died or displaced due to lack of food in the areas affected by the drought,” Demeke told FBC yesterday.

    “Anybody can die at anytime and in any case. Did the death occurr due to hunger?, that should be the main question the reports need to answer and verify from the people,” he said.

    The government has continued providing relief food with maximum efforts to people affected by the drought, he said.  

    The government is buying additional 600,000 tons of grain, of which 200,000 tons, have already reached at port Djibouti.

    Grain that reached at port Djibouti will be transported and distributed to people in need of urgent food aid soon using various transportation alternatives, he said.

    A national committee tasked to manage the effective delivery of the relief food to beneficiaries has been established and is doing with the sub-committee formed under the Ministry of Transport, he said.

    Efforts are also underway to use the Ethio-Djibouti railway line, which is nearing completion, to transport the relief food from port Djibouti to Adama town, he added.

     

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  • 6 Benefits and Disadvantages of having alcoholic Drinks.

     

    [ Habesha2day] Alcohol is known to the humans from very ancient period. Alcohol basically refers to ethanol or ethyl alcohol it was and is used in day-to-day life for various purposes besides human consumption. Many people have different opinions regarding its consumption. But other than consumption its uses are inevitable in present society. Consequently alcoholic drinks are manufactured and distributed in a large-scale under strict government regulations.

    Benefit of alcohol consumption

    Many of them consume alcohol in western countries whereas the people and especially youngsters in Asian countries are in dilemma about it. People who prefer it believe that advantages of alcohol consumption are as below.

    1. Relieves mental stress: It is believed to give relief from mental tension after daily activities. Hence consumption provides relief from it.

    2. Provide better sleep. Alcohol has a sedative effect and hence drinking alcohol promotes sleepiness.

    3. Increases in appetite. Alcohol rises blood flow to the stomach and gut and also a slight irritant locally. This property rises hunger and there by food consumption.

    4. Keeps body warm in winter and cold conditions. it rises blood flow to the skin and there by produces warmth.

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