1. Ethiopian female Su-27 Pilot (Capt. Aster Tolossa) the first female pilot in the world to have shot down an enemy aircraft in air to air combat. Lieutenant Haymanot Hailemariam is the world's first female Su-27 pilot & W/o Asegedech Asefa is the first African woman to pilot an Airplane in 1962.
2. Ethiopia is the origion of human being: The remains of the earliest known child from humanity’s family tree have been discovered in Ethiopia, in an unprecedented find that fills in a critical missing link in human evolution. The almost complete skeleton belongs to a baby girl of the species Australopithecus afarensis — a probable human ancestor that was among the first to walk on two legs — who died at the age of three about 3.3 million years ago.
The girl, which has been named "Selam" after the word for peace in several Ethiopian languages, is by far the oldest fossil of a hominid child yet unearthed, and blurs the line between apes and humans.
Early analysis of Selam has already started to transform understanding of a pivotal stage in the evolutionary process that led ultimately to Homo sapiens. Her anatomical features lie squarely in between those of humans and other apes, showing adaptations both for walking upright on two legs and for climbing and swinging from trees.
This suggests that the species lived on the cusp of the human family’s transition to a bipedal, ground-based existence, which is generally accepted as one of the most crucial events in the emergence of the modern anatomy
3. Ethiopia is about 7.5 years behind the United Kingdom. This is because Ethiopia is the only country in the world to have 13 months in a year. Ethiopians also celebrate New Year in September, meaning that they are currently only a couple of months into the year 2006, whilst we near the end of 2013.
4. Ethiopians measure time from when the sun rises and count time on the opposite side of the clock. When the sun rises at 6 o’clock it is said to be 12 o’clock – the start of the day in Ethiopia. Confused? Don’t worry, you get used to it after a few days!
5. There are over 80 different languages spoken in Ethiopia. The most widely spoken of these are Oromo and Amharic. Luckily for foreign travellers, English and Arabic are also widely spoken.
4.Ethiopian children must learn both their tribal language and the country’s official language of Amharic. They must also have a good grasp of English by the time they start secondary school. From the age of 12 onwards, all school lessons are carried out in English.
6.The legendary Ark of the Covenant, the relic said to hold the 10 Commandments, is claimed to be housed in a church in Ethiopia. Only one man, the guardian, is actually allowed to see the ark, so whether or not it is actually there remains a mystery.
7.Ethiopia is one of only two nations in the world never to have been occupied. This is despite the Italians twice trying and failing to take the country. In case you were wondering, Russia is the other country.
8..Ever heard Rastafarians talking about Haile Selassie? He was an Ethiopian Emperor, born in 1892 and is worshipped by followers of the Rastafarian movement. He is not to be confused with legendary distance runner Haile Gebre Selassie!
9.Ethiopia is the only country in Africa with its own alphabet. Actually it uses an abugida, also known as an alpha-syllabary, which consists of 209 symbols and 25 letter variants.
10.Ethiopian Abebe Bikila was the first African to win gold in the Olympic Games. He finished the marathon in first place after running the whole race barefoot.
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