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  • Phones Require 'bed time mode' to protect sleep


    [ Habesha2day]  Smart phones, tablets and e-readers should have an automatic "bedtime mode" that stops them disrupting people's sleep, says a leading doctor.

    Prof Paul Gringras argued the setting should filter out the blue light that delays the body clock and keeps people awake later into the night. The doctor, from Evelina Children's Hospital in London, said every new model was "bluer and brighter".the doctor said manufacturers needed to show more responsibility. As it gets darker in the evening, the body starts to produce the Melatonin which helps people nod off.


    Certain wavelengths of light, those at the blue-green end of the spectrum, can break up the system.Prof Gringras was part of a study, published in Frontiers in Public Health, analyzing the light emitted by devices.It concluded there was a clear trend for new devices to be bigger, brighter, have higher levels of contrast and emit more blue light.



    The professor of children's sleep medicine told the BBC News website: "That is great for use in the day, but awful for use at night.There is converging data to say if you are in front of one of these devices at night-time it could prevent you falling asleep by an extra hour.He said some sleep-aware apps had already been designed to reduce blue-green light emissions.


    And that a bedtime mode could automatically filter out the blue as software such as f.lux already does.He said there needed to be "more responsibility from manufacturers" and the "key is to automate it".Prof Gringras added: "It's not good enough to say do less and accept this is the world we live in, they're fun devices but we do need some protection on what they do at night-time."



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  • PM Hailemariam awards researchers, innovators

    Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn has awarded 278 individuals in recognition of their outstanding performance in science, math, research and innovation.

    The Premier presented the awards to the winners at the 6th science, technology and innovation award ceremony held at the African Union Conference Center today.

    “Since and technology significantly assist Ethiopia's efforts to reach middle income status,” PM Hailemariam said after handing over the awards to the winners.

    Taking into account their role for development, the government is providing the necessary support for science and technology, including integrating them with the education system, he said.

    The Premier indicated that centers that help students improve their innovation works and culture will be established in addition to preparing a national technology roadmap consisting of 18 key technologies.

    Science and Technology Minister, Abiy Ahmed, said science and technology are vital to attain Ethiopia’s target of shifting from agricultural led economy to the industrial one.

    Some 60 percent of the award winners are females, it was noted.

    source FBC


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  • First Paris attacker identified

    One of the seven attackers who killed 129 people and wounded 350 in Paris has been identified, as the French police investigation picks up pace.

    The attacker was named as Omar Ismail Mostefai, a 29-year-old French citizen of Algerian origin. Six people close to him were reportedly taken into custody on Saturday morning.

    Police also say they have found a black Seat car they suspect was used to attack two restaurants.

    France is in three days of mourning.

    A special service for the families of the victims and survivors will be held at Paris's Notre Dame Cathedral later on Sunday.

    Friday's attacks, claimed by Islamic State (IS) militants, hit a concert hall, a major stadium, restaurants and bars in the French capital.

    Prime Minister Manuel Valls has said France will continue with air strikes against IS in Syria, and described the group as a very well-organised enemy.

    President Francois Hollande has cancelled his plans to attend the G20 in Turkey and is holding meetings with various political leaders to discuss the crisis.

    Source: BBC

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  • The Ethiopian man who built his own plane from scratch

    (CNN)On June 15 2015, Asmelash Zeferu sat at the end of a runway, over a decade of work malfunctioning around him. The Ethiopian amateur pilot was as shattered as his propeller. There had been doubters, those who had called him "mad." Many had turned up at the airfield, 40 kilometers north of Addis Ababa, to watch him take off. He had been ready to prove them wrong.

    Asmelash Zerfu and his home made plan

    But it wasn't to be. The propeller, hand-crafted from laminated wood, had broken. The cause? High amounts of friction, taking with it the smoke exit system too. It was time to return to the drawing board and now, following months of repairs and remodeling, Zeferu is ready to line up on the runway once more.

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  • Some Unsaid Things Regarding Good Governance

    [ Habesha2day] The discussion among Ethiopian Government officials on the issue of good governance on aigaforum with mixed feelings. On one hand, here is a political party with an astounding success story beginning with armed struggle and is leading an economic transformation of a country like Ethiopia. Often, revolutions and successful armed resistances had resulted in failed states in many countries. EPRDF faced the challenges of a sleeping/dying country head-on and surprised the most skeptic observers with its innovative ideas and effective policy measures while it continues to be unjustifiably vilified by a few but vocal and hateful opposition. 

    On the other hand, EPRDF seems unprepared with regard to the inherent corruption and lack of good governance in the system. The papers presented at the conference looked to me compilations of what the public already knew. I have not heard much about solutions other than the raw data and descriptions of the corrupt practices. While some of the participants have touched upon some important points and the passion of the Prime Minister is encouraging, nothing was said that shows new direction and bold initiatives. Hopefully they are on the way. 

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