• Bronchitis



    Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of your bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from your lungs. People who have bronchitis often cough up thickened mucus, which can be discolored. Bronchitis may be either acute or chronic.


    Often developing from a cold or other respiratory infection, acute bronchitis is very common. Chronic bronchitis, a more serious condition, is a constant irritation or inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes, often due to smoking.


    Acute bronchitis usually improves within a few days without lasting effects, although you may continue to cough for weeks. However, if you have repeated bouts of bronchitis, you may have chronic bronchitis, which requires medical attention. Chronic bronchitis is one of the conditions included in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).


    For either acute bronchitis or chronic bronchitis, signs and symptoms may include:


    Production of mucus (sputum), which can be clear, white, yellowish-gray or green in color — rarely, it may be streaked with blood
    Shortness of breath
    Slight fever and chills
    Chest discomfort
    If you have acute bronchitis, you may have a nagging cough that lingers for several weeks after the inflammation resolves. Chronic bronchitis is defined as a productive cough that lasts at least three months, with recurring bouts occurring for at least two consecutive years.


    If you have chronic bronchitis, you’re likely to have periods when your signs and symptoms worsen. At those times, you may have acute bronchitis on top of your chronic bronchitis.


    When to see a doctor
    See your doctor if your cough:


    Lasts more than three weeks
    Prevents you from sleeping
    Is accompanied by fever higher than 100.4 F (38 C)
    Produces discolored mucus
    Produces blood
    Is associated with wheezing or shortness of breath



    Acute bronchitis is usually caused by viruses, typically the same viruses that cause colds and flu (influenza). Antibiotics don’t kill viruses, so this type of medication isn’t useful in most cases of bronchitis.


    The most common cause of chronic bronchitis is smoking cigarettes. Air pollution and dust or toxic gases in the environment or workplace also can contribute to the condition.




    Source: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bronchitis/basics/definition/con-20014956


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  • 6 Signs You Might Have A Blood Clot

    Most of the time, blood clots are a good thing. When you get injured, you need your blood to solidify and clump together at the site to help stop bleeding.

    However, sometimes clots crop up when they’re not needed, and that can spell trouble, especially if they form in the deep veins near your muscles.

    When a clot forms inside one of your veins it won’t always dissolve on its own. This can be a very dangerous and even life-threatening situation.

    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a clot that occurs in one of the major veins deep inside your body. It’s most common for this to happen in one of your legs, but it can also happen in your arms, pelvis, lungs, or even your brain.

    An immobile blood clot generally won’t harm you, but there is the chance that it could move and become dangerous. If a blood clot breaks away from its original spot and travels to your lungs, it becomes a pulmonary embolism – a clot that prevents these important organs from getting the oxygen and blood they need.

    The American Society of Hematology estimates that DVT affects up to 900 000 Americans each year. It kills approximately 100 000 Americans yearly.

    There’s no one way to know whether you have a blood clot without medical guidance. If you learn the warning signs, you’ll know when to get a quick medical help that can make a huge difference in keeping you out of the danger zone. Here’s what to watch for:

    Swelling in one limb

    A puffy leg or arm is one of the most common signs of a DVT. Blood clots can block the healthy flow of blood in the legs, and blood can pool behind the clot causing swelling.

    It’s normal to overlook leg swelling as a symptom of a DVT if you get large or stiff legs when you fly, or during periods of immobility. But be suspicious if your bloated limb comes on quickly, especially if it shows up with a side of pain.

    Leg or arm pain

    Normally, DVT pain comes as a combo with other symptoms like swelling or redness, but sometimes it can be standalone. Sadly, pain from a blood clot can easily be mistaken for a muscle cramp or strain, which is why the issue often goes undiagnosed and is specifically dangerous.

    DVT pain tends to strike when you’re walking or when you flex your foot upward. If you have a charley horse you can’t seem to shake, especially if the skin near it is warm or discolored.

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  • 13 Warning Signs You’ll Get Kidney Stones In The Future And How To Prevent Them

    It is shown that approximately one in 11 people will experience kidney stones at some point amid their lives. If you have already had a kidney stone, you are 50 percent more likely to experience another one at some point.

    What is a Kidney Stone?

    A kidney stone is a calcified mass of minerals that has collected in the body and is lodged in the urinary tract. If you see a kidney stone under a microscope, it is easy to see why such a small mass can be so painful. The hardened mass usually has several sharp, pointed edges, which makes it very uncomfortable to pass through the urinary tract. Make a few changes in your diet and lifestyle as noted in the risk factor list below and you may be able to avoid the unpleasant possibility of a kidney stone.

    1.) Lack of calcium in diet

    Lack of calcium in the eating routine can lead to the formation of kidney stones. If you do not get enough calcium, the oxalates in your body that normally attach to calcium in the digestive tract attach instead to calcium in the urinary tract and form stones.

    2.) Too Much Salad

    Too much salad in your diet can also cause kidney stones. Spinach and other salad greens are high in oxalates, which may cause stones to form in the urinary tract. Substitute spinach and lettuce for a lower-oxalate option, such as kale.

    3.) Processed salt

    Increased intake of processed salt can be the reason for kidney stones. You should reduce your daily intake of salt to 2,300 mg per day. If you have high blood pressure, cap your daily salt intake at 1,500 mg.

    4.) Lack of Citrus

    A lack of citrus fruits in your diet can contribute to the formation of kidney stones. Citrus fruits contain a substance known as citrate, which can lower the risk for stones. Add a few citrus fruits to your daily diet to minimize risk.

    5.) Too much red meat and poultry

    If you are eating a lot of meat each day, you may be crowding out other food groups, such as fruits and vegetables. You can substitute fish for meat or poultry a few times per week in order to reduce your risk for kidney stone formation.

    6.) Iced tea overload

    Iced tea made from black pekoe tea leaves, such as Lipton, is high in oxalates and can cause kidney stone formation. You should limit your intake of iced tea to 8 ounces or less per day. You may need to cut iced tea completely out of your diet, if you have high levels of oxalates in your system.

    7.) Drinking Too Much Soda

    Carbonated soda contributes to the formation of kidney stones. Even one sugary soda per day can increase your kidney stone risk. Opt for healthier beverages like water.

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  • 'World's oldest man' celebrates 146th birthday and says patience is key for long life


    An Indonesian man who claims to be the oldest person ever to have lived has celebrated his 146th birthday.

    Mbah Gotho, from a small village in the Central Java province, has documentation that states he was born on 31 December 1870, and the Indonesian records office has said confirmed this was accurate.

    If it is correct, this would earn him the title of the oldest person ever, a title currently held by French centenarian Jeanne Calment, who was 122 when she died.

    Mr Gotho celebrated the landmark birthday with his grandson, Suryanto, and his wife, Suwarni, having reportedly outlived all 10 of his siblings, his four wives and his children. 

    During the celebrations, family and neighbours flocked to the modest house to celebrate the occasion, and Mr Gotho was seen grinning as they sang him a birthday song.

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  • Do You Remember The Boy Who Smokes 40 Cigarettes a Day? See What He Looks Like 8 Years Later!

    Do you remember the toddler from Indonesia who went viral 8 years before because his parents revealed that he smokes over 40 cigarettes per a day?

    Now, even 8 years later, Ardi Rizal beat his addiction. The reason for that were the media and security organizations for children. This young boy, in order to replace his cravings for cigarettes, developed a dependency on food.

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